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Dr. Sandro Cantoni, Pediatrician. Updated: 20 September 2021
At every age, your infant and toddler play, learn, talk, and move. Seeing when and how it does these things is critical. Because from this you can know if the baby’s development is normal or not.
This observation of developmental milestones can be done by any parent just fine. It’s not a matter of doing special investigations or tests, but just watching some simple daily activities.
In fact, I believe that parents are the best people to evaluate the baby’s development. Because they know him perfectly in all its facets. The parent is able to pick up on nuances of behavior that the pediatrician often fails to detect.
What are the development milestones?
The development milestones are the things that most babies do at a certain age.
Don’t worry if your baby doesn’t reach all the typical developmental milestones for his or her age right away.
Every baby is different. Some babies develop faster, others are a little slower. But this is often normal.
Some babies walk at 10 months, others at 18 months.
The achievement of developmental milestones also depends on gestational age. If the baby was born one or two months premature, then he or she will reach the milestones one or two months later.
If you think your infant or toddler’s development is not normal, ask your pediatrician for a checkup.
Don’t wait until the next checkup in a few months. If your baby does not reach the developmental milestones typical for his or her age, call the pediatrician. Do the same if you have concerns about how your baby is talking, playing, acting or moving, or any other concerns.
Don’t wait. Make your doubts and concerns clear to the pediatrician.
In the event that there are problems, early detection, and early intervention, as soon as possible, are critical.
What are the developmental milestones for a 2-month-old baby?
How baby moves.
At two months, your baby begins to control his movements well. For example, when he is lying on his back, supine, he turns his head on both sides. Always lying down, your baby moves his arms and legs in a harmonious and symmetrical way. That is, with the same force and intensity to the right and left. Especially if he is excited he moves his legs alternately, as if he were pedaling.
If you put him lying on his belly, he starts to raise his head and turns it to one side and the other. This is because the neck muscles become stronger. Also for this reason, when the baby is put in a seated position, he is able to support his head for a short time, although it often rocks back and forth. If you hold him upright, the baby tends to push with his feet, but then bends his legs.
If you lift him in the air, suspending him with your hand on his belly and try to put him in a horizontal position, the head is aligned with the trunk or just below.
The baby keeps his fists closed most of the time, but is beginning to open his hands more and more. He starts bringing his hands up to his face and to his mouth and starts looking at them. Sometimes he can bring a hand to his mouth and starts sucking on it.
Your baby’s vision is gradually improving, but he cannot see you clearly if you are a distance away. He sees you well if you are 20-30 cm distant. Then he follows your face well with his head and eyes. The baby sees and follows a nearby object with his eyes, if you move it to the right or left. It is normal if he sometimes crosses his eyes. His color vision is improving. He prefers high contrast colors, such as black and white.
Loud noises may interrupt your baby’s movements, but he often does not turn toward the source of the sound. He clearly begins to distinguish voices. The baby reacts if he hears the voice of one of the parents.
The baby reacts to his environment and to interactions with his parents. He makes sounds, vowels, such as “a”. He then communicates with his body movements.
He tries to listen when you talk to him and begins to learn how to communicate. The baby smiles in response to your smile. He often does it first.
The baby often smiles at his parents, but also at strangers. With movements and sounds, or screaming and crying, he can express emotions. If he is happy, excited, calm. Or on the contrary if he is bored, or angry, or has discomfort or pain. He clearly likes to be stroked, massaged, cuddled.
What are the warning signs for possible developmental delay at 2 months?
The symptoms that should alert you are these:
- If placed on its back, the baby remains almost motionless. Babies of this age move their arms and legs harmoniously and symmetrically.
- Or the baby moves one arm well, for example the right arm and does not move the other, the left. Same thing for the leg. The movements are not symmetrical.
- Also, when you lift him with one hand on the belly, the baby is very limp and the head and legs tend to fall like a rag doll. Two-month-old baby, when lifted in this way, tends to keep his arms and legs flexed and tries to lift his head.
- When you try to sit him up, he cannot control his head even for a few seconds, but it will dangle forward or backward.
- When the baby is lying on his stomach, for example on the table or on you, he cannot lift his head, which remains resting on the floor.
- The baby never brings his hands to his mouth.
- If you hold an object or toy close to his face, he does not look at it or look and does not follow it with his eyes.
- He also doesn’t look at you or look at you for a moment, but doesn’t follow you with his eyes. He does not seem interested in your face. Or he looks at you for a moment but does not react.
- The baby does not smile at you, and even if you stimulate him or try to talk to him, he does not make a sound.
- The baby does not react to loud noises, he stays still.
If your baby has any of these symptoms or if you are worried, talk to your pediatrician. Don’t wait. Early detection of a possible problem is crucial. Early treatment is critical.