Baby Colic. The Key Points to Know.

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Dr. Sandro Cantoni. Pediatrician.

Reading time: 4 minutes

The notorious “colic” is a torment for all new parents: there’s no way to know what causes it, and there isn’t any solution that works every time. We’ll try to clarify what neonatal colic is, how to recognize it, and what might be the causes in this post. And, most of all, what to do.

What is colic?

In general, colic is defined as a baby’s recurrent and regular crying spasm. They occur at least three hours each day for more than one week straight without any relief from the pain/sufferings caused by this condition! Colicky babies also have fits that start in the late afternoon or evening which affects about 20% percent of newborns according to some studies.

What are the Causes of baby colic?

The causes of colic have yet to be determined. Most likely, they are the result of a number of factors and are a sign of a baby’s transition from the womb to outside the body. What we do know is that newborns’ physiological hypersensitivity makes each episode very painful.

What are the signs of colic?

Your little one hasn’t yet learned to talk to tell you what’s wrong. He screams because he is hungry, thirsty, has a stomachache, or is tired. As time goes on, you’ll be able to figure out the reasons for his crying.

If you notice that his screams are more powerful and last longer than usual in the days following childbirth, or that he’s having a little more difficulty falling asleep, your infant may be attempting to communicate his colic-related pain to you. Colic is an all-too-common condition in newborns between the first and third month after birth.

Look for the following indications if your baby has colic: that he writhes after each feeding, has gas, and his tummy is often hard and distended. Most pediatricians believe that a baby’s immature digestive system is a cause of infant colic. If they’re particularly unpleasant for babies, however, there are methods to help.

How to relieve a baby’s colic?

Here are some ideas for reducing your infant’s colic on a daily basis.

The soothing impact of a bath or sucking on a pacifier may be enough to comfort the discomfort. You can also walk your child around the apartment by carrying him or her on your arm with his or her head resting on your elbow.

Take your child for a walk in the car or in a stroller. cradling your kid can help him/her to relax.

When your baby is finished eating, make sure he doesn’t inhale too much air; adjust the size of the bottle’s nipple opening as needed. Babies who feed quickly swallow a lot of air.

Use of a rocking chair is suggested. Place him in a carrier so that you may continue your activities.

Make sure your child is getting enough to eat. Hunger is one of the primary reasons why babies cry. But don’t give him less than two hours after his preceding meal, because his stomach won’t have had time to empty.

You can allow him to cry for some minutes in his room if he appears weary. It’s possible that he or she will need to be alone to go asleep.

Remove your child’s clothing and ensure that any jewelry or body adornments are not painful or distressing.

It is critical to get enough sleep and if required, ask for assistance. Don’t be scared to take a nap. If none of these suggestions work, don’t feel bad about shutting the bedroom door for a while.


For many new parents, the idea of their infant suffering from colic is a scary and very difficult thing to deal with. That’s why I’ve put together this article with some suggestions for how you can relieve your baby’s pain at home.


About the author

Hi. My name is Sandro Cantoni. I’m a Pediatrician. I work in the General Pediatric Clinic. Hospital of Neuchatel, Switzerland.


Sung V. Infantile colic. Aust Prescr. 2018;41(4):105-110.

Banks JB, Rouster AS, Chee J. Colic. 2021 Jul 17. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan

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