Give only breast milk, or, if it is not possible for any reason, formula milk for the first 5 or, better, 6 months of life.
Breastfeed “on request”, that is when the newborn is hungry. The signs that a baby is hungry are: she starts to get nervous or cry, she puts her hands to mouth, sucks.
In the same way, the meal is over when the child is full, she has eaten enough. The baby relaxes and turns his head away.
The number of feedings varies, but they are usually 7-8 a day.
If the baby pauses while feeding, or at the end, you can hold it upright for a few minutes to burp.
Give to the baby Vitamin D, about 400 units a day.
If you start work in a few months, get organized on time. For example, you can use a breast pump and you need to know how to store breast milk in the refrigerator or freezer.
Hold the baby in a way that you can look at each other, and hold the bottle with your other hand. Do not prop the bottle.
Avoid microwave heating, but use a bottle warmer.
Use non-perfumed baby soaps and lotion, to clean the baby’s skin.
It is advisable to bath the baby when he’s calm and relaxed. Do not put too much water in the bathtub, only a few centimeters are enough.
Check the water temperature with the elbow or wrist.
Change the diaper often.
At any change, if possible, leave the area uncovered for about ten minutes to allow the skin to breathe, before putting a new diaper. This reduces the frequency of irritations.
Do not use talc or powders.
Keep in touch with friends and family. Take care of yourself, to have a better relationship with your children and your partner.
If possible, spend time with your partner alone. For example, you could leave your baby to grandparents or a member of the family for a few hours.
Consider the older brother or sister. And think how they can participate or help, even in small things, in the care of the new little brother or sister (for example, they can hold their hands when changing diapers, etc …). But never leave the newborn alone with the little brother or sister.
Try to rest when your baby sleeps.
It’s normal for mom, and sometimes even for dad, to have a feeling of sadness. If this concern lasts more than a week, or if you feel depressed, overwhelmed, talk to your doctor.
If you need to get back to work early, start planning on time, for where and to whom will take care of your baby.
Take the baby in your arms often during the day, with cuddles and massages.
When awake, put your baby often on his tummy, lying down with you. This strengthens the muscles of the arms and the neck.
Read a book aloud, with the baby in your arms. Sing and play with him or her.
To protect your child in a car, always place it on a suitable and safe seat. Even for short distances, never keep it in your arms. Put the seat rear facing and in the central part of the back seat.
Always use an anti-abandonment system in the seat.
Never leave the child alone in the car, even for a few minutes.
Never smoke in the house and, if you do it outside, change your clothes when you come back.
To avoid the risk of burns, never drink a hot drink, such as tea or coffee, while holding your baby.
Adjust the hot water thermostat, so that the water temperature not exceed 120°F (50°C).
Never leave the baby alone in bathwater, even in bath seat or ring.
Do not leave small objects near the child, such as toys.
The newborn can begin to roll. For this reason, be very careful when changing or dressing in the changing table.
Avoid necklaces, because if the baby turns or moves, these could get stuck and cause choking.
How to measure fever.
The most accurate way to measure a baby’s fever is to take rectal temperature with a digital thermometer.
Up to 6 months of age, it is best not to use an ear thermometer.
The contactless thermometers are not very reliable.
What temperature is fever?
The newborn has fever if the rectal temperature is equal or greater than 38 °C (100.4 °F). If a baby younger than 2 months has a fever, he may have a serious infection and you must contact your pediatrician or family doctor.
Prepare for emergency.
Prepare a list with emergency telephone numbers, including poison control centers.
Register for a pediatric first aid course, which is organized periodically by the Red Cross.
Wash your hands often and ask family members to do the same, before touching or picking up the baby.
Avoid contact with people with an infectious disease, even if they have a simple cold.
Avoid sun exposure.
To reduce the risk of SIDS, always put the child to sleep on his back, day and night.
You can offer a pacifier before going to sleep, if the baby wants it.
Use a crib or a bed with bars, with no drop-side rail. The slats must be close together to prevent the head or other parts of the baby’s body from getting stuck, if he or she moves during sleep. The distance between slats must not exceed 6 cm.
The crib must meets current safety standards. You can find more information on the website of the Consumer Product Safety Commision.
To cover the newborn, you can wrap it, or use only a sleepsuit, or place a sheet and a cover over it, which must be well tucked up.
Do not leave toys, or soft objects such as bumpers, pillows or quilts in the crib or bed. There is a risk of suffocation if the baby moves.
Keep the baby to sleep in your room, but not in your bed.
The temperature of the room where the baby is sleeping should be kept between 18 and 20 degrees. Not less than 16 degrees and no more than 22 degrees.
Check the baby’s development.
If you lift it with one hand on his stomach, the baby’s arms and legs bent and he try to lift his head.
In sitting position, he can control his head for some time.
the newborn tries to put his hands in his mouth.
Then he smiles, looks you in the eye and follows your face.
He try to make sounds to answer when you talk to him.